This paper explores the efficacy and potential of increased journalistic and academic data, research and reporting collaboration, in the context of credible, accountability information. Investigative journalists throughout the world understandably cherish their independent “watchdog” function.
Professional news organizations and individual journalists traditionally have not been particularly collaborative with scholars in the academic community (beyond perfunctorily quoting them in their stories), even though their interests, expertise, research and writing are often about quite similar subject matter. And of course, at the same time, the university milieu, the “academy,” has seemed distant and disengaged from civic life and current events issues because, too often, it is.
The AIPC’s goal is to table African investigative journalism on international platforms. ZAM wants to be an enabler for this mission. It does this by ‘translating’ the work of African colleagues to fit with international – ‘Western’- media preferences re length, style and angles. This does not always go well.
We find that there are ‘taboo’ subjects in the West. AIPC stories have been refused by Western media for reasons from ‘that is racist’ (about a mention of witchcraft) to objection about the exposure of a quack abortion doctor in Ghana ‘because we must legalise abortion.’
This cultural challenge can be called ‘do-gooderism.’ Do-gooderism sees helpless trafficking victims instead of migrating sex workers. It sees happy noble primitives living side by side by gorillas in Virunga, instead of farmers angry at the environmental ‘protectors’ who fence off their lands. Do-gooderism blames local people for the failure of development projects, but blames (or praises) Shell for everything that happens in the Niger Delta. Do-gooderism never questions ‘fair trade’.
It is difficult for a ‘Western’ journalist to find truths hidden under the layers of dominant narratives about Africa. (Also, Africans have 300 years of experience in telling white people what these want to hear.)
We have developed a process for African and Western colleagues to overcome this cross-cultural challenge together.
Rutas del Conflicto, a project created in 2014 that collected information from more than 700 massacres committed in Colombia, has worked on a methodology that seeks to incorporate citizen journalism based on an exercise of data journalism.
Through a combination of tools including an app for mobile devices, partnerships with radio and television stations in remote areas, and making their publications available on the Internet, the team behind Rutas del Conflicto, which is comprised of a group of students from the University of El Rosario (Bogota) and the Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana (Santander), created a methodology that has enabled dozens of victims to tell their stories and to participate in confronting the data related to the massacres. Witnesses and relatives of victims have recounted their version of events and how they have survived the displacement.
The preliminary investigation of the facts is based on different sources, but their information is often unclear, as most crimes occurred in remote areas, where there is little presence of the judicial system. In the mass media, the main source of information, there are testimonies of the perpetrators, most of which are demobilized in the process of transitional justice operated by the Colombian government and paramilitary groups.
For these reasons, it was essential to build a channel of communication with affected communities in order to allow their participation in the project.
The research and the mapping data have allowed the team to focus the spread of information in the most affected communities through cross-media production of journalistic products. Most massacre victims have no access to the Internet for different reasons, so the project created a series of alliances with local media and social organizations to disseminate information. More than 300 people have contacted Rutas del Conflicto to verify data, which is then compared by the team of journalists, and to send their testimonies, which give a human face and story to the statistics.
This study examines from the lens of Critical Discourse Analysis the presence of manipulation in news reporting in the three leading online English broadsheets in the Philippines.
It attempts to describe using the conceptual categories proposed by Teun van Dijk (1989/2006) how the macrostructure or the schematic structure of news reports can contribute to the attainment of manipulation in news discourse. The data of the study consists of 75 news reports on the alleged cheating during the 2004 presidential elections involving the President and an unidentified Commission on Elections officer, which first surfaced on June 6 and reported until June 20, 2005.
It is hypothesized that the sequencing of these categories helps promote or perpetuate a particular value, belief, or ideology that both the journalists and readers implicitly use in the production and understanding of news. In view of the above findings, there is a need to look at how lessons on reading newspapers are taught in the classrooms. It may also be helpful to impress upon the learners that news reports, like any accounts of any events, are the reporters’ interpretations or versions of the events and situations that would require close and critical reading.
IndiaSpend is India’s first data journalism initiative. And is now rapidly growing to become an `agency of record’ when it comes to data and facts on the Indian economy, particularly in areas like education and healthcare as well as data on Indian states. We utilize open data available on the internet to analyse a range of issues, to generate awareness among masses (netizens) as a means of computer assisted reporting.
The National e-governance plan of the government of India launched in 2006 with the objective to provide easy & reliable access of government records and data to public, has enabled computer assisted reporting in the country promoting of data journalism.
The idea of IndiaSpend (data journalism) emerged from the Jan Lokpal (Citizen’s Ombudsman) movement in 2011 against corruption and bringing in transparency and accountability among government officials and agencies. The Right to Information Act (RTI) 2002, passed by Indian Parliament, too helped strengthen this notion.
The field of Data Journalism and computer cased journalism is fairly new trend in India. Data has been used in the newspapers, but it was mostly limited to the press releases given out but the government agencies. The interest in data journalism and the computer assisted reporting has come about since 2011 onwards. So far in India there are no newspapers, TV news channels that are solely focused on data. When it comes to websites too, 2015 has seen the rise a few websites centred loosely on data journalism. This makes the study IndiaSpend as a data journalism initiative very essential as it can be said as a premiere organization in the field.
The paper will look at IndiaSpend to see the trends in computer assisted journalism and data journalism. IndiaSpend is one of the first initiatives in India for data journalism, using computer assisted tools for its reach. We want to take up a case study of this organization to show the growth of data journalism through computer assisted journalism through the growth of IndiaSpend.
Four years ago an experienced investigative journalist (the author), and a small, re¬spected weekly magazine in The Netherlands, started a program for training young journalists called The Investiga¬tive Teaching Lab, which was subsequently em¬bedded in a new non-profit organisation for investigative journalism called De Onder¬zoeksre¬dactie (The In¬vestigative Desk).
ByJorge Benítez Cabral/Universidad del Norte (Uninorte)--Asunción. |
The objective of this paper is to search for an effective methodology for teaching investigative journalism at this University. To obtain the expected results the following methodology was used: a) the contribution of theories and comparative knowledge, with little practice outside the classroom, along with case studies; b) providing theories accompanied by an individual investigation outside the classroom, on a certain topic; c) an alternative method that includes two stages: the first on the theory of the investigative journalism in class, on a recently published investigative case, followed by a group investigation outside the classroom, with a common topic for all the students. The results proved the effectiveness of the alternative method over the other two methods, in which the discoveries made by students outside the classroom are documented, reaching the levels required for a journalistic publication and, in some cases, to publish it as a book. Another important achievement is to be able to systematize the process of journalistic investigation, resulting in a higher overall level of the students in the classroom.
ByLuis Rolando Alarcón Llontop/Universidad Señor de Sipán - Perú |
Since 2010, the Career of Communication Sciences of the University of the Lord of Sipan (EAP CC.CC. USS, Chiclayo – Peru) has been developing the area of investigative journalism as part of the subject of the undergraduate III Workshop on Journalistic Writing and Production, focusing its students’ learning on the real skills acquired, as part of their graded coursework, through the planning, execution and drafting of reports on possible cases of corruption in public institutions of Lambayeque, the region in which the university is based. In groups of three, on average, and drawing upon legal resources such as requests for public information, the review of State documents, and an analysis of State portals (in accordance with the Law of Transparency and Access to Public Information, Law 27806), the students have revealed the virtual abandonment of public works in several districts by its mayors, mafias operating within municipalities and even purchases made at overvalued prices paid for with public funds.
ByDr. James Hollings/Massey University, Wellington, New Zealand |
This paper outlines an approach to teaching investigative journalism that produces publishable stories within an approximately four –month period. It is based on a five-step method that has been developed over the past few years on a journalism programme for graduate students. With refinements, the method is getting an increasing proportion of students to complete a successful investigation. From about 10 per cent initially, to now over half of students are now producing publishable investigative features within the four-month teaching period. The method provides a good learning platform for many aspects of the investigative process, and appears especially successful at motivating students to develop perseverance, but has some limitations in the type of stories produced.
Haiti’s 2010 earthquake and the billions of “reconstruction” dollars that followed offered humanitarian agencies and international businesses access to multiple opportunities for profit. Haitian and foreign commercial news media could not – or would not – watchdog the billions of dollars and hundreds of projects. Could Haitian “alternative” and community media fill the gap?
Two small media institutions – an online “alternative” news agency and a community radio training group, coordinated by a veteran international journalist – launched the Haiti Grassroots Watch partnership to give it a shot. Steered by the tenets of the early Western journalism and influenced by investigative journalism practices from Africa as well as the U.S., but also guided by Latin American “comunicación popular” theory and by Paolo Freire’s contributions on dialogic teaching and learning, the collaboration also builds on lessons learned from U.S. “networked journalism,” and from the investigative units and “new news labs” at U.S. universities. The result is a multimedia and multi-language collaboration, grounded in progressive community radio stations whose members have unique access and perspective, and based largely on the work of idealistic journalism students, who – like medical students – learn as they contribute.
The evolving experiment includes a university course, training sessions at community radios, as well as screenings in rural communities and poor neighborhoods where audiences engage in a kind of low-tech “crowd-sourcing” for story ideas. Capacity building is part of every step and content creation – text, audio and video – is uniquely informed by its participatory processes, by its grassroots origins and by the oversight of professors. Can the Haiti Grassroots Watch model be replicated at universities in other countries on the receiving end the billions of dollars in humanitarian and development aid doled out each year? This paper examines the project’s conceptual and theoretical underpinnings, its successes, and its challenges, and will hope to inspire similar efforts in the “global South.”